Ancient River Valley Civilizations Essay

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Summary: Ancient River Valley civilizations developed around river valleys, but they are all different. Two of them are in China and Egypt. Although Egypt and China both had River Valley civilizations and were similar, they had even more differences.


The development of farming caused ancient people to give up their normal lifestyles and establish permanent settlements, which grew into civilizations. Most early civilizations developed on River Valleys. Governments, social structures, writing systems, and belief systems developed as population grew. Ideas moved from one culture to another with the help of migration, trade and warfare. Ancient River Valley civilizations developed around river valleys, but they are all different. Two of them are in China and Egypt. Although Egypt and China both had River Valley civilizations and were similar, they had many more differences.

The river valley in Egypt is around the Nile River. The Nile is a very famous river for being the only river that flows north. It was very useful to the Egyptians because it floods periodically in a cycle that was predictable. It was also very gentle, but not too gentle or else it couldn't...

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This section contains 856 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)

View a FREE sample

1. Write an essay comparing and contrasting two civilizations in one category from the River Valley Civilizations sheet. For example, you could choose Egypt and China and compare and contrast the governments. Your essay should have specific information. Be sure to explain both how they were alike and how they were different in that category. You can use the River Valley Civilizations sheet as a reference. Answer:

Ancient Egypt and China were very similar but also differed in many ways. Their geography was alike. They both shared the same concept of writing. Both civilizations valued religion and made it a big part of their lives. The main difference between the two countries would be the intricacies of their cultures. This essay will compare and contrast the two ancient civilizations.

Egypt and China both had an abundance of waters. For Egypt, it was the Nile River, for China, the Yellow River. These rivers were really important to both of the civilizations in many ways. They both had systems of writing that incorporated simple pictures. Both the ancient Egyptians and Chinese were polytheistic. The Chinese and Egyptians were both technologically advanced. Both of them even had complex irrigation methods. Also, literacy was limited to a select amount of people for both civilizations. When it comes to differences between the two civilizations, they often come down to the detail. For example, both of them had organized governments but Egypt’s was a Theocracy and China’s was a Monarchy. Social hierarchy differed between the two, as well. In Egypt, the Pharaoh was the sun and stars over the whole of Egypt, he was believed to be a reincarnation of God. In china however, home and family were at the center of life. The two both built great structures, but the Egyptians made Pyramids while the Chinese built the Great Wall of China. The ancient Egyptians buried the dead with thought to preservation due to the belief that the souls could use their bodies in the after life.

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