Mother Teresa Essay In Assamese Language

On September 4, Mother Teresa will be elevated to sainthood when Pope Francis canonizes her at the Vatican. The late nun, already called Saint of the Gutters and who won the Nobel Prize in 1979, is widely known for her decades spent caring for the poor and sick in Kolkata, India.

Many Catholics and non-Catholics alike admire her, but her canonization is not without controversy.

Millions, if not billions, of people around the world have long loved the woman who has become a symbol for service to the least fortunate. World leaders received and honored her, including Ronald Reagan, Indira Gandhi, Princess Diana, and the Dalai Lama. Mother Teresa received the Presidential Medal of Freedom and an honorary doctorate from the University of Cambridge.

President Bill Clinton made Mother Teresa an honorary American citizen in 1996, saying she had demonstrated "how we can make real our dreams for a just and good society."

Born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in 1910, in what is now Macedonia, Mother Teresa joined the Loreto order of nuns in 1928. It was on a 1946 train trip through India when she was inspired to leave the Loreto order and found the Missionaries of Charity. The order was established four years later and has since opened more than 130 houses around the world to provide care for the sick and dying.

Missionaries of Charity nuns must adhere to the traditional vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, as well as a fourth vow, to give "wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor." Mother Teresa worked as head of Missionaries of Charity until six months before her death in 1997 at 86.

The late Christopher Hitchens was one of Mother Teresa’s most outspoken critics. In his 2012 book The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice, Hitchens wrote that some doctors who visited her missions alleged that patients experienced a shortage of care in unhygienic conditions, with inadequate food and no painkillers. Mother Teresa, on the other hand, went to costly American facilities when she needed her own medical treatment.

Hitchens writes that Mother Teresa accepted a donation of more than a million dollars from financier Charles Keating, who later went to prison for defrauding investors. Mother Teresa wrote to the court asking clemency for Keating without explaining their relationship. She took money from and praised right-wing dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier, who later was accused of allowing the torture and murder of thousands of Haitians during his regime.

Hitchens quotes from an unpublished book by Susan Shields, a former nun from the Missionaries of Charity, who claims Mother Teresa taught nuns to secretly baptize the dying. After asking the person if they wanted a “ticket to heaven” the nun would then “[P]retend she was just cooling the person’s forehead with a wet cloth, while in fact she was baptizing him, saying quietly the necessary words.” (Read about the 12 men who shaped Christianity.)

The Canonization Process

The canonization process has changed through the centuries. The first people honored as saints were martyrs who died for their faith. The pope wasn’t even always involved in making saints in the early days of the church. In 1234, the right to canonize was officially reserved for the papacy. Until Pope John Paul II, about 300 saints were made.

Under Pope John Paul II, the process to canonize was simplified and the number of saints increased dramatically. He canonized 482 saints during his 26-year reign from 1978 to 2005. He beatified 1,327 people, including Mother Teresa.

It is usually a slow process. Since 1588, when the Catholic Church created an office called the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, the average time between the death of an eventual saint and canonization is 181 years.

Not so for Mother Teresa. Within 18 months of her death, John Paul II waived the usual five-year waiting period and allowed the opening of the process to declare her sainthood.

“By Roman standards, it's lightning speed," said Lawrence Cunningham, a retired religion professor from Notre Dame.

The Congregation for the Causes of Saints oversees the canonization process. Once a cause has begun, the individual can be called a Servant of God. A postulator, the person assigned to present the cause, is assigned and collects public and private writings, interviews people who knew the candidate, and researches the person's life. The postulator then produces a paper, called a positio, which can run for thousands of pages.

“They tend to read like biographies,” Cunningham said.

When the positio is finished, it’s presented to a theological commission put together by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints that will vote on whether or not the cause can proceed. The commission then appeals to the pope to offer a Decree of Heroic Virtues for the person. The sainthood candidate is then known as a Venerable Servant of God.

To be beatified and then canonized, two miracles, almost always medical in nature, need to be confirmed. The consulta medica, a group of doctors paid a nominal fee by the church, investigate to determine if there is a scientific explanation for a miracle.

For Mother Teresa, her first miracle involved an Indian woman who claimed that her abdomen tumors healed in 1998 after she touched herself with a locket containing the nun's picture. For her second miracle, a Brazilian man was said to have been cured of brain tumors in 2008 after he prayed to Mother Teresa.

But at least one of those miracles has been called into question. Researchers at the University of Montreal and the University of Ottawa concluded in a 2013 paper that her first miracle had a medical explanation. Published in Religieuses, a French-language journal of studies in religion and sciences, the researchers found that the doctors and husband of the woman believed that she was healed by a drug treatment.

“It’s more about faith and image than real science," said Genevieve Chenard, one of the paper’s authors, from the University of Montreal. (Read about the campaign to eliminate hell.)

Mother Teresa’s Canonization

After confirming the miracles, canonization can go forth. Churches around where the saint is from will often have special masses, but for the Vatican the pope simply offers a public statement that the person is on the official list maintained by the Catholic Church of those that could be venerated publicly.

The public statement is still a big deal to many. High-ranking members of the Missionaries of Charity will go to Rome for the canonization, which falls one day before the 19th anniversary of her death, bringing a relic of Mother Teresa's blood. According to the Times of India, the two people said to be healed through the miracles that confirmed her sainthood are expected to attend. Thousands of people from around the world will also be there. For her beatification in 2003, more than 300,000 pilgrims went to Rome.

Her canonization falls during the Catholic Church’s Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy. Pope Francis called for this jubilee, or holy year, out of the ordinary cycle of jubilees, which typically happen every 25 years. The pope said the world is particularly in need of mercy at this time. (Read more about Pope Francis.)

While the church has not said the canonization is specifically linked to the Extraordinary Jubilee, Mother Teresa’s record of working with the “poorest of the poor” fits into the theme of mercy. Despite her flaws, Cunningham, the retired religion professor, said she inspired millions and did work few are willing to do.

“To do it for 30, 40 years, day in and day out, requires a certain heroism in one’s life," Cunningham said. “The canonization underscores the teaching about mercy."

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Mother Teresa was born as Agnes Bojahiu on 26th August 1910 in Skoplje, Albania will be canonize as Sainthood in Rome on 4th September. She was recognized all over the world as “Mother Teresa of Calcutta.” The nun in white Sari border with blue line, the Nobel Laureate but unto many she was a Living Saint. Born in a war torn Balkans one of the Bloodies European nationalism, Agnes Bojaxhiu became a citizen of India and an apostle to the poorest of the poor and a love that transcended beyond the border without caste, creed, gender and countries.

Mother Teresa’s extraordinary journey began with a simple “God’s Plan” and that she was merely an instrument of Divine will. These words were well documented by a biographer as she often pointed her finger upward and said, “He made the Choice.” She was honored by innumerable royals of the world, heads of the States, met four popes, pictured on numerous magazine and papers, television everywhere, throughout the world but she never lost sight of the vows of humility and poverty by serving the poorest of the poor. Her humility can be seen in her words as she describes her Nobel Prize.

Some remind me of what a magazine once said about me; it described me as a ‘living saint.’ If someone sees God in me, I am happy. I see God in everyone and especially in those who suffer.   
Mother Teresa.

“The reason I was given the Nobel Prize was because of the poor. However, the prize went beyond appearances. In fact, it awakened consciences in favor of the poor all over the world. It became a sort of reminder that the poor are our brothers and sisters and those we have the duty to treat them with love.”

It was recorded earlier that when she heard a pair of Jesuit Missionaries from India preach in Skopje, she said later “Such beautiful descriptions about the experiences they had with the people and especially the children in India.” It was at that moment she felt her calling to work with the poorest of the poor in India. Although her vision was to help the poor and needy people she did not aspire to become a nun. Her mother was not enthusiastic about her desire to join as she was a young adolescent girl. She put aside her wishes to serve in India and continued her daily works at home. In spite of her normal day to day work her heart was captured by the stories she heard in the church group of the missionaries in India. Six years later Agnes when she was about to turn eighteen, gradually came to realize that teaching and working with the poor comprised a kind of vocation for her soon and her reluctance to become a nun disappeared entirely.

Just one month after her eighteenth birthday on September 28, 1928 Agnes boarded a train in Skopje on a long trip to Ireland, to join a three century old order of nuns- the Sisters of Loreto that sent her to teach in India forever and never to see her mother, sister and brother again. Two months later she left Ireland on a seven week journey to Calcutta (India). She arrived on January 12, 1929 an era of political turmoil where there were million rallies for Independence led by Mohandas K. Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and Muslim league led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah following the dharma of Non-violence.

She taught Geography for 17 years at St. Mary’s High School for Girls. The prevailing poverty post independence had a huge impact on her mind. India’s partition into two and the displacement of millions of Civilians, tension between Hindus and Muslims and riots in the streets of Calcutta disturbed her to a great extent. She finally decided to leave the convent and start her own journey towards serving the poor, sick, homeless and dying people on the street.

Mother Teresa’s new order would serve the poor and they would live the same poverty as those they served. They would accept no government grants but take only what people gave them, each sister would own three saris, one pair of sandals and virtually nothing else. As Mother Teresa said, “This is the only way we will be in a position to share the suffering of the poor, strict poverty is our only safeguard. We do not want to happen to us what happened to other Religious orders . . . that started out serving the poor and . . . ended up serving the rich.”

The Missionaries of Charities began as a small order with twelve members in Calcutta, after getting the Approval from Pope and Mother Teresa was the head of the recognized orders of nuns. It was from that moment it started to blossom at an amazing speed and there are now more than thousands centres all over the world for orphanages, AIDS Hospices, charities centre’s, refugees, disabled, aged, poor, homeless, famine and epidemics etc with a centre based in America, Poland, Australia, Asia, Latin America etc. and Mother Teresa Missionaries of Charities has its centre in more than 100 countries.

The nuns of Missionaries of Charity took every abandoned, unwanted child and dying destitute. If her home was filled to overflowing Mother Teresa would simply open new ones. By the early 1970’s there is more than one in all the cities of India. She loved to repeat the old Calcutta Joke on the subject of Children home: “Mother Teresa does not practice family planning, everyday she has more and more children.”

Mother Teresa ripple of controversy because of her outspoken opposition to contraception and abortion did not overshadow her work as she repeated that children are a “gift from God” and cannot be unwanted. She was among those who referred to abortion aswaragainst children. Because of her words she received many attacks. But she praised the virtues of the poor and the blessings that many children brought to families.

Mother Teresa after turning seventy years, and in India for more than fifty years her health slowly deteriorated in 1983 her heart problem escalated for a constant medical supervision and had to install a pacemaker. Many heart surgeries followed later on and Osteoporosis; a condition of decrease in bone mass that affect many fragile old people began to take toil on her body. In case of Mother Teresa the fragile did not enter her vocabulary. Even fifteen years later she continued her work as she had been doing for the last fifty years except when she was in hospital.

In March 1990, Mother Teresa resigned as Superior General of the order only to be disobeyed by her congregation who did not allow her to resign. The following year on 2nd January 1991 a countdown towards Gulf War between U.S. and U.N. forces and Iraq made her sent a personal letter to both the concerned President Saddam Hussein and President George Bush pleading for a peaceful solution instead of war. Her peacekeeping effort failed but Hussein Government invited her there to help the orphaned and the disabled after the war.

Mother Teresa’s slowly faltering health led her flitting from one hospital and one operation to another. In one of her visits to United State she was hospitalized in Los Angeles and had to undergo one more heart surgery. The same year she suffered yet another heart attack and had to be hospitalized in Mexico, yet her ministry did not diminish. Mother Teresa orders now have more than four thousand nuns operating in five hundred seventeen houses and different projects around the globe. The records in Mother Teresa for treating lepers in India alone were more than one hundred thousand in a year. It was not only based in the centre but via mobile unit as well.

In 1993 she underwent one more heart surgery when she was in Calcutta. The following years her illnesses followed till November 1996 when she complained of chest pain. Efforts were made to keep her healthy but she said, “Let me die like the poor that I serve.” Doctors were reluctant to let Mother Teresa pass away. They begged and pleaded with her. Finally in late November, she agreed to another angiography. Her severe Osteoporosis made it difficult to make a full recovery. She remained bedridden throughout the year. In the later year she said that, “I am convinced that when I am gone and if God finds a person more ignorant and useless than I he will do greater things through that person because it’s His doing.”

Few months later after she stepped down and placed her position by selection of the order to Sister Nirmala, she passed away on 5th September as one of the most Reverent and most beloved Mother of the poor, sick, destitute, dying and unwanted child. Above all her legacy of love and servitude to the poor leave a lasting impact on each and every individual. For her; serving them means serving God.

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