Socio-Economic Issues in India
5247 WordsMay 22nd, 201121 Pages
Socio-economic issues in India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Since India's Independence in 1947, country has faced several social and economic issues.Contents
2 Economic issues
4.1 Religious violence
4.4 Caste related violence
5 See also
Further information: Family planning in India and Demographics of India
India suffers from the problem of overpopulation. Though India ranks second in population, it ranks 33 in terms of population density below countries such as The Netherlands, South Korea and Japan. To cure this problem, Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of…show more content…
The first education minister Maulana Azad founded a system of education which aimed to provide free education at the primary level. Primary education was made free and compulsory for children from 6-14, and child labour was banned. The government introduced incentives to education and disincentives for not receiving education – for instance, the provision of mid-day meals in schools were introduced. Many similar initiatives echoed, and the largest of such initiatives is Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, which actively promoted “Education for All”. In line with this, the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) aimed to increase their expenditure on education to 6% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from values fluctuating about 3% through their National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) in 2004. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act was also imposed in 2009. Despite these initiatives, education continues to persist as an impediment to development.
While many schools were built, they had poor infrastructure and inadequate facilities. Schools in the rural areas were especially affected. According to District
Pakistan is a developing country and faces all social problems that developing countries face along with political instability that further aggravates the problem. Currently, Pakistan has many challenges to face in the form of socio-economic problems. One of the big social problems for Pakistan is poverty. 70% of the population of Pakistan lives in villages. According to an analysis, poverty has increased; roughly from 30% to 40% of the country’s population is merely earning their livelihood below the poverty line. Second problem Pakistan is facing the dragon of over-population. The population growth rate is very high and is among the highest in the world. The massively increasing population has almost outstripped the resources in production, facilities and in job opportunities. Pakistan is faced with the problem of acute unemployment.
It is always considered to be killer for an economy. It has negative impact on society. It creates frustration and revengeful attitude. It leads to an increase in the incidences of crimes. Owing to poverty and unemployment, parents instead of sending their children to schools, prefer child labour for them. Rising poverty in Pakistan necessitates that 10 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) be spent on social sector including education, health, safe drinking water, sanitation and basic infrastructure. At present, Pakistan spends only three per cent of its GDP on health and education whereas India allocates nine per cent for these sectors. Such a meagre amount which is already insufficient to cater for the needs is further misappropriated. There are less hospitals and medical centres. If there are any, the people are unable to afford their and their children’s health expenses. So the health problems grow unchecked. It is very depressing that basic health facilities are not available to the half of the population.
Social problems are interlinked with economic problems. Economic prosperity serves as a backbone for the overall progress of a nation. When citizens of a country are free from worries of earning a livelihood to sustain their lives, they can focus on education, improvise healthcare, develop technologies that make life easy. Poor economic conditions are the root cause of so many problems that exist in a society. Pakistan economic conditions are pathetic as if power crisis, lack of foreign investment for the development of industrial zones, backward and out-dated technology were not enough.