Wikileaks Hovind Dissertation Abstract

Finished proofing the OCR of Kent Hovind’s doctoral thesis, and I believe that this is not the full and complete document. It’s only 102 pages long in the Wikileaks provided PDF, and appears to be only a couple chapters at best; there are chapters referenced in the introduction that simply aren’t here. This embarrassing bit of prose may be only an early copy, and not represent the final epic with all its logic fallacies. The last couple pages get especially bad…

I mention the original PDF and have the link in my earlier post. Due to the immense size of this post, hopefully it will break properly on Livejournal, etc…

PATRIOT UNIVERSITY

DISSERTATION FOR DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN CHRISTIAN EDUCATION

A PROJECT SUBMITTED TO DR. WAYNE KNIGHT

SUBMITTED BY KENT HOVIND

PENSACOLA, FLORIDA

MAY 25, 1991

Dedication page

I can think of many people who have been influential in the production of this book. Miss Kim Van Gundy spent countless hours typing, correcting and retyping the manuscript.

My Mom and Dad supplied the computer for this work to be done on. There have been many times they financially supported my ministry.

My wife has put up with me reading well into the night many, many times. She has also patiently let me spend hundreds of hours on the phone gathering information and scheduling meetings.. In those hundreds of moments when I thought of not completing this work, she encouraged me to go on.

My three children; Kent Andrew, Eric and Marlissa have often traveled with me as I preach on the subject of dinosaurs and the Bible. They have been a great help to me as we set up (and later pack up) three tables full of books, bones, tapes, maps and graphs for each meeting.

Patriot University inspired me the continue my education by making it possible for me to study at my own pace and complete this thesis as I could.

Hundreds of pastors and laymen have encouraged me to continue on in this unusual and unique ministry.

Many science teachers and writers have left their mark in my life. Some of these have been evolutionists and some have been creationists.

Most of all I must thank my Lord Jesus Christ for patiently working with me and equipping me for the work of the ministry. I marvel that He has counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry.

Kent Hovind

5-25-91

INTRODUCTION

Hello, my name is Kent Hovind. I am a creation/science evangelist. I live in Pensacola, Florida. I have been a high school science teacher since 1976. I’ve been very active in the creation/evolution controversy for quite some time. As an evangelist, God has given me the opportunity to preach and teach the wonderful story of His marvelous creation over 400 times each year to churches, schools (public and private), parent groups, youth groups, on the radio, and in university debates.

It is my burning desire to help Christians get back to a simple faith in God’s Word. Satan’s method has always been to instill doubt in God’s Word. The first sentence that came from Satan that is recorded for us in the Bible is: “Yea, hath God said?” He started by questioning God’s Word in the garden of Eden. It worked there so he has used it ever since.

In the twentieth century the major attack Satan has launched has been against the first eleven chapters of Genesis. He knows that the entire Bible stands or falls on the validity of these chapters. I believe that the Bible is the infallible, inerrant, inspired, perfect Word of God. I believe that the Bible needs to be read and believed as it stands. Christians are often guilty of neglecting or twisting the Bible to fit their lifestyle or their preconceived ideas.

In this book I’ll be covering, in a nutshell, the creation/evolution controversy. I will explain why it is so important, the effects that the theory of evolution has had on our society, the creation alternative, and what we should do about the problem. I will try to answer questions that modern science has raised from a Scriptural viewpoint.

I am, without apolcigy, a Bible-believing Christian. I have been saved for twenty-two years by the blood of Jesus Christ, God’s Son. I believe that God’s Word is infallible and flawless in every detail. If the Bible says that something was created a certain way, then that is just the way it happened. Now, as a science teacher, I want to keep an open mind and understand why, how, and when God created the earth, if those things can be known. There are some things we cannot understand, and some things I believe that we can.

I will be quick to point out that “there is nothing new under the sun” Most of my ideas are the result of the input of hundreds of Godly men and women through the years. I have attempted in this book to simply explain the things I have learned through many years of studying both science and the Bible. In the last twenty-two years I have read hundreds of books by creationists and evolutionists alike on the subject of origins. Many great thinkers and scientists have had an influence on me. I owe much to many, but I must in the final analysis, take the blame/credit for what is written in this book. Many things I can document and verify with the “experts” (whatever an expert is). Some things in this book I couldn’t prove to anyone. I only ask that you realistically look at the ideas presented and ask yourself the simple question, “does this key open the lock, does this answer the question?” If it does — it just might be right.

Only God knows all the details of how it really happened. I believe He has revealed many details about the original creation in His book the Bible. Everything else we come up with down here is just our theory.

My weekly radio broadcast has been instrumental in answering a number of questions about the creation/evolution controversy. I have tried to answer questions as thoroughly and scripturally as I know how. Each broadcast dealt with a different topic. We have selected some of the most helpful topics and developed them into chapters toward this book. The chapters, and consequently the subject matter of the book, begins by discussing the history of evolution. Where did we get this crazy idea anyway? The second chapter deals with the fact that evolution is a religion and not a science, and therefore, should be excluded from public school curriculum. The third chapter deals with the effects of evolution. What has the teaching of evolution brought to the world in the way of good or harm? In the fourth chapter we deal with the subject of time. How old is the earth? In the fifth chapter we discuss the Big Bang theory. In the sixth chapter we give information about the Geologic Column, the foundation of all evolutionary teaching. In chapter seven we answer questions about radio carbon dating. Chapter eight gives the truth about cave men. Chapter nine discusses the “best evidence” evolutionists have for evolution, that is, archaeopteryx. Chapter ten answers the question, “Has science created life in the laboratory?” We took ten chapters of the book to destroy the edifice of evolution, and clear away the rubble so that we could build on a clean foundation.

Several legitimate questions about the creation account given in the Bible need to be answered. Number one, “Don’t all scientists believe in evolution?” In chapter eleven we discuss scientists, past and present, who were creationists. In chapter twelve, we answer a commonly raised complaint, “Genesis 1 conflicts with Genesis 2.” In chapter thirteen we give interesting evidence that dinosaurs are mentioned in the Bible. I believe that dinosaurs are not only in the Bible, but they have lived with man all through his six thousand year history. In chapter fourteen we deal with the question, “Are dinosaurs extinct?” In chapter fifteen we discuss the human and dinosaur footprints found together in Glen Rose, Texas. In chapter sixteen we give the creationists’ alternative theory to explain the geologic features of the earth within a six thousand year framework.

While all of the evidence is not in yet, I feel it is still the, best option to take God’s word at face value. The Bible has never been proven wrong yet, and I believe it never will be.

THE HISTORY OF EVOLUTION

Where in the world did the idea come from that things left to themselves can improve with time? Who would start a crazy idea like that? This idea is the opposite of everything that we observe in the world today. For instance, all the highways in our nation today left to themselves decay, deteriorate, and fall apart. A house left to itself will become a wreck. It takes work and constant planning to make anything improve. Everything tends toward disorder. The first and second laws of thermodynamics are well established scientific laws that have never been observed in the universe to be broken. The first law says that matter cannot be created nor destroyed by ordinary means. We do not see anything being created today, and yet we do see an entire universe of created material. This clearly indicates a Creator. There are people in the world today who wish to avoid the concept of God. They do not like the idea of a God telling them what to do. Therefore, they have come up with the most danqerous, damnable doctrine every imagined, evolution. I would like in this chapter to trace the history of evolutionary doctrine. Where did this dangerous doctrine come from?

Evolution is purely a religion. There is no scientific evidence at all to back up any form of macro-evolution.

The technical definition of evolution means “change.” There is no question thatthings do change. All change is directed either downward toward less order if left to themselves, or upward with a master-mind behind it. The cities that we live in have ‘evolved’ over the years. The city where you are now probably did not even exist three hundred years ago. A college professor told me that cities ‘evolve’ with time. I said to him, “I agree. If you use this as your definition of ‘evolved’ then you are including a design, a designer, and lots of work–planned intelligent progress, not chaos ordered by self. Not one of the buildings in your city built itself by the material rising up out of the ground.” It did not happen that way. It does not ever happen that way. It never will happen that way. It requires intelligence and a designer.

When I speak of evolution, I am not referring to small minor changes that naturally occur as animals have to make some adjustments to their environment. For instance, if we released hundreds of rabbits in an area with cold winters, only the animls with the heavier fur would survive. So within a few years, the population would have a little heavier fur than the earlier populations. These small minor population shifts brought about by environment are referred to as ‘micro-evolution.’ There has been no change in the genetic material of the rabbit. There has only been a change in the ratio of the population. You still have the same kind of animal. If that climate were to change back to a milder climate, the population of animals would change back to having a lighter fur.

Macro-evolution would be defined as changing into a different kind of animal. There is no similarity between micro-evolution and macro-evolution. Many evolutionists will use micro-evolution to try to prove that macro-evolution is true. We must guard ourselves not to fall for this false logic.

The idea that evolutionists try to get across today is that there is a continual upward progression. They claim that everything is getting better, improving, all by itself as if there is an inner-drive toward more perfection and order. This is totally opposite of the first and second law of thermodynamics. It goes against all scientific evidence that has been accumulated. Yet, this lie is what many men believe today. We don’t see it happening anywhere in our universe today. We don’t see any evidence of this in the fossil record.

I would like to trace the history of evolution beginning with the fall of Satan from heaven, through the last six thousand years, to modern-day evolution, and explain what those teaching this doctrine have planned for the future.

To really understand the history of evolution, we have to understand the author. Satan is the master-mind behind this false dottrine. He was thrown out of heaven because of his desire to exalt himself to godhood. One of the underlying reasons that evolution appeals to so many people is because it appeals to man’s pride. Isaiah 13:11 says, “I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease and will lay low the haughtiness of the proud.” God is against pride. In Isaiah 14: 12-14 the Bible tells us of the fall of Satan from heaven.

How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son
of the morning! how art thou cut down to the
ground, which didst weaken the nations!
For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend
into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the
stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of
the congregation, in the sides of the north.
I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I
will be like the most High.

Later on in the passage God says that He will cast down Lucifer.

I personally believe that Satan fell from heaven about a hundred years after the creation of Adam and Eve. I believe that he had watched Adam and Eve have fellowship with their creator with pride and envy in his heart. He had been God’s choir director since he was created. His desire to be God was thwarted when God cast him out of heaven.

Ezekiel 28 tells of Ezekiel taking up a prophesy aqainst Tyrus. It is obvious from the context that the king of Tyre is a picture or a type of Satan. Ezekiel 28:2-5, 17 says,

Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus
saith the Lord God; Because thine heart is lifted
up (here we see the pride) and thou hast said, I
am a god, I sit in the seat of God in the midst
of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God,
though thou set thine heart as the heart of God;
Behold, thou art wiser than Daniel; there is no
secret that they can hide from thee;
With thy wisdom and with thy understanding thou
hast gotten thee riches, and hast gotten qold and
silver into thou treasures;
By thy great wisdom and by thy traffick hast thou
increased thy riches…

Thine heart was lifted up because of thy bauty,
thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy
brighteness: I will cast thee to the ground, I
will lay thee before kings, that they may behold
thee.

Tyrus is a type of Satan who lifted his heart up. Pride is mentioned repeatedly in the Bible as being one of the main things that God hates. I have noted several hundred references to pride that show God’s attitude toward it. He hates it!! Here are several.

Lev. 26:19 “I will break the pride of your power,”

I Sam. 2:3 “talk no more so exceedingly proudly”

Psalm 10:2 “The wicked in his pride doth persecute
the poor”

Psalm 10:4 “The wicked through the pr ide of his
countenance will not seek after Ucd..”

Psalm 73:6 “Pride compasses them about as a
chain;..

Ps. 101:5 “Him that hath an hiqh look and a proud
heart will I not suffer.”.

Ps. 119:21 “Thou hast rebuked the proud.

Prov. 6:16 “These six things doth the Lord hate…
a proud look.”

Etov. 8: 13 “Pr ide, and arrog?�ncy. . . do I hate.”

Prov. 13:10 “Only by pride o:’meth contention.”

Prov. 15:25 “The Lord will destroy the house of
the proud. .

Prov. 16:5 “Every one that is proud in the heart
is an abomination to the Lord…”

Prov. 16:8 “Pride goeth before destruction…”

Prov. 21:4 “An high look, and a proud heart… is
sin.”

Is. 14:12-16 Satan’s fall “I will ascend…”

3er. 9:23 “Let not the wise man glory in his
wisdom neither let the miohtv man.
glory in his miqht; let not the rich
man glory in his riches…”

Obed. 3 “Pride…hath deceived thee.”

Matt 23:6 “Love the uppermost rou=ims at feasts.”

Matt. 23:12 “Whosoever shall exhalt himself shall
be abased.”

Mark 7:21 “Froth within…proceed evil thoughts…
pride…”

Luke 1:51 “He scattered the proud in the
imagination of their hearts.

Rom 1:22-30 “Professing themselves to be wise…
proud.

I Cor. 8:1 “Knowledge puffeth up…”

I C’r. 13:4 “Charity…is not puffed up…”

I Tim. 3:6 “.. .lifted up with pride ye fall
into.

II Tim. 3:2 “Men shall be lovers of their own
selves. . .proud.

James 4:6 “God resisteth the proud.”

I Jn. 2:16 “. . .pride of life…”

There you have just a few of the many verses in the Bible that deal with pride. God hates pride. In his pride, Satan decided he would exalt himself and take over the throne of God. This is where evolution started. It started in heaven in the heart of Satan. Satan and a number of angels that followed him were cast down to the earth. Then we have the story repeated in the heart of man. Man is trying to exalt himself. This is what evolution is teaching today, that man is the pinnacle, the ultimate.

When Satan realized he could not take over the throne of God, he decided to destroy what God had created instead. Satan, in the form of a serpent, brought the doctrine of evolution to the Garden of Eden. In Genesis 3:5 the serpent says to Eve, “…ye shall be as gods.” Pride is the same thing that Satan used to cause the fall of man in the Garden of Eden. Satan was jealous of Adam and Eve and their close union with God. The same is true today. Satan wants your attention any time you try to serve the Heavenly Father. When Adam and Eve fell for the line that they could become as gods, the doctrine of evolution was successfully introduced to the world. Man’s pride and ego had been appealed to and he was no longer content with the status God had given him.

Where did it go from there? Genesis 4:3 says, “And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord.” Cain knew better. God wanted a blood sacrifice. God had shed innocent blood to cover the sin of Adam and Eve. Cain knew God wanted a bloody animal sacrifice, a lamb to be precise. Cain thought that he could get favor with God by bringing the work of his own hands. Cain promoted the evolutionary doctrine that man can progress by his own efforts. It was Cain’s pride that caused him to disregard God’s commands to bring a lamb. Instead he brought the fruit cut the ground which represents his own efforts to please God. When God rejected his offer, he became angry at God. Since he could not hurt God, he took out his anger on God’s servant, his brother. In pride, he slew his brother because his brother’s sacrifice was accepted. We are told later in the New Testament the reason why Cain killed his brother. In I John 3: 12 we read, “Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous.” This is still true today. Anyone that does good in this orld is hated by those that do evil. Cain’s efforts to “evolve” closer to God met with disaster. Cain was driven out from his family to wander in the world. His descendants apparently continued rejecting God. Man full of pride will seldom admit that he is wrong.

The evil in the world continued to get worse until God had to destroy the inhabitants of the earth with a flood. When the Flood was over, Satan began to work on Noah’s descendants. The story of evolution continues in Gen. 9:22, “And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.” Ham, instead of doing the wise thing of covering up his father’s nakedness, went out and laughed about it to his two brothers, evidently. This resulted in a curse being placed upon Ham’s son, Caanan. Ham’s pride caused him to try to make his father look bad. People who are always cutting down others are usually motivated by pride. They think making someone else look worse will some how make themselves look better.

The story continues in Genesis 10. The people had been commanded by God to spread out and replenish the earth. Some decided instead to rebel against God’s authority and exalt themselves. Genesis 1O:8-9 says, “And Cush begat Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.” The word ‘before’ in that verse means “in the face of the Lord”, or “against the Lord.” Nimrod’s rebellion against the Lord caused him to begin construction of the Tower of Babel. We see this tower mentioned in Gen. 11:1-9:

And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.
And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the
east, that they found a plain in the land of
Shinar; and they dwelt there.
And they said one to another, Go to, let us make
brick, and burn them throughly. And they had
brick for stone, and slime had they for mortar
And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and
a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let
us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad
upon the face of the whole earth.
And the Lord came down to see the city and the
tower, which the children of men builded.
And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and
they have all one language; and this they begin
to do; and now nothing will be restrained from
them, which they have imagined to do.
Go to, let us go down, and there confound their
language, that they may not understand one
another’s speech.
So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence
upon the face of all the earth: and they left off
to build the city.
Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because
the Lord did there confound the language of all
the earth; and from thence did the Lord scatter
them abroad upon the face of all the earth.

This tower represented man’s desire to exalt himself to the seat of God. The pride of the rebels caused the people to want to disobey God. They wanted to stay together and build big cities even though God had commanded them to spread out and fill the earth.

Babylon was one of the first cities built after the flood. It still exists today. The people reluctantly spread out after God judged them by confusing the
languages. At this point they spoke all different languages because the Lord “confounded their speech.” I’m sure for several generations they told stories about how it used to be in the ‘good old days’ when there was just one big city and everyone was one happy family.

As we trace the history of evolution, it becomes slightly confusing at this point because there are going to be several different branches on the tree. I will focus on just two of the main branches.

When the people left the Tower of Babel, they took their false religion of evolution with them. They still hoped that they could exalt themselves to godhood. For the sake of the study, we shall call them the Eastern and Western branches of evolution.

In the European community, actually in area of Asia Minor and the country of Turkey, we have the Western branch of evolution. In the countries of China, Japan, and India the Eastern branch of evolution developed. The branches actually developed simultaneously.

The Flood was about 2400 B.C. which makes it about 4400 years ago. The Tower of Babel was probably built within the first three to five hundred years after the flood. Let’s just assume that it was about 1900 B.C. when the Tower of Babel was built. The people were scattered from the Tower. Many of the people, in their pride, still tried to find some way to become their own god. This is the basic motive behind evolution.

For the next several hundred years following the evolutionary-type myths Tower of Babel, there were many passed down from generation to generation. In the year 640 B.C. a fellow named Thales was born in Asia Minor. At some point in his life he began the first of the modern evolutionary doctrines. He said that man had evolved from animals, animals had come from plants, plants had come from inorganic elements, and all of these had come from water. Anaximander, one of the students of Thales, enlarged on this theory slightly. Anaximander lived from 611 to 547 B.C. He taught Pythagoras, who is famous for the Pythagorean theorem used in mathematics.

At this point, there was a split in the evolutionary doctrine. One group became atheistic, and said that there was no God. Pythagoras started the group that became pantheistic. He said there had to be a God based on the design he saw in nature, but the god that he saw was the god in nature. The idea of limiting God to the natural elements is the underlying theme of pantheism. He lived from 580 to 489 B.C. He believed that nature is divine.

There are basically three types of religions in the world. The first type is atheism which says that there is no God. Psalm 14:1 calls the people who believe there is no God fools. The second type of religion is pantheistic which says that nature is god. This group says that the universe is in control of itself and knows what it wants to accomplish. Pantheism imparts a divine nature to the elements. The third type of religion says that God is outside of, above, and beyond His creation. He is not limited by His creation in any way. This is the almighty infinite God of the Bible.

Socrates was a pantheist Greek philosopher who lived from 469 to 399 B.C. Socrates did not leave many writings, but his student Plato wrote prolifically. Plato, like his teacher Socrates, was definitely a pantheist. He
also believed that nature is god. Munitz from his book ‘Theories of the Universe’, pg. 61 says,

Plato also makes use of another analogical
pattern of thought in describing the universe as
an all-inclusive Living Creature, one whose body
is perfectly spherical and whose soul animates
the whole world. In addition to this World-Soul,
the various individual heavenly bodies are
regarded by Plato as divine beings.

In the writings of Plato, we have a very definite description of the great chain of being, or an order of the world soul. He taught that the universe is a living creature in itself. Plato’s idea wasn’t one of ascension in evolution, but one of descending. He thought that it went from God to man and on down to the atomic particles. His idea of putting everything in a nice neat order came from Socrates. Plato developed this further into the great chain of being.

Democrates lived from 460 to 362 B.C. He started a school called the Atomist school. Democrates coined the word ‘atom.’ He thought that the interplay of atomic particles was all that was necessary to describe how the universe got here (the same basic idea as is taught in modern evolution).

Next we come to a student of Plato named Aristotle. He lived from 384 to 322 B.C. Aristotle developed the “Scale of Being.” He believed in reincarnation which teaches that after death you would return to earth as a new being, either higher or lower, depending on how you behaved during your present life. This is very similar to the modern-day Eastern religions. He developed the idea of a “world soul” more fully and passed it on to many more of his students. Aristotle believed in a descending order of nature. He believed in the “eternal cosmos” which says that nature has always existed. He believed in spontaneous generation which says that life arose from non-life. Aristotle is known for many scientific discoveries, and no doubt, had a great positive impact on the world of science. However, his god was not the God of the Bible. His god was nature.

Aristotle was tutor to a man named Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great was the leader of the Greek Empire of the third century B.C. He spread the teachings of Aristotle all around his empire.

These men are all part of the Western branch of the evolutionary doctrine. The Eastern branch was also developing during this same time. People had travelled from the Tower of Babel to the Eastern countries of India, Pakistan, and China. Civilizations began developing there. Beginning around 500 B.C., there were at least five major religions that were developing in the East. The story gets a little confusing as we try to trace the history of evolution. Herein the Eastern branch we again have two basic philosophies of religion. One philosophy is atheistic, saying that there is no god at all. The other philosophy again was pantheistic, saying that nature is god.

Hinduism became very popular around 600 B.C. It probably began many years before that. This religion is broken up into four branches. Vedanta is the most popular branch. lt teaches that the universe is a living soul. Sikhism is a another branch that began around 1500 A.D. Janisim is a branch of Hinduism that says that there is no god at all. Janisrn teaches the doctrine of Karma. This is a system of reincarnation where people are constantly being born back as a different creature depending upon how they lived in this world. The final stage of this reincarnation is Nirvana, which is annihilation and you finally get to stop going back. You just cease to exist. The fourth branch is called Sankhya which is also atheistic.

Another religion developing in the Eastern world during this time was Confucianism. Confucius lived from 551 to 473 B.C. He very strongly endorsed ancestor worship. There was no god or after life in the system developed by Confucius. It was simply a system of ethical, political, and pragmatic teachings. It was a very atheistic religion that totally left God out.

Zoroaster was the religion of the Persians that developed around 600 B.C. Darius and Cyrus, who were both mentioned in the Bible, were followers of Zoroaster. It is quite possible that the wise men who came to Bethlehem were of this cult. There is no way to prove this for certain. This religion believed that Satan and God were equally powerful, thereby, limiting God. This shows that they did not have the right view of God in their theology. This Eastern religion is still prominent today.

The Buddhist religion was also developing during this time in the East. Buddha lived from 563 to 480 B.C. Buddha means “the enlightened one.” This religion originated in India, and was later expelled from that country. It later became very popular in China. Eventually, it merged with the teachings of Confucius, and became a sort of hodge-podge religion. It was a very atheistic religion. It had a very rigid system of Karma, which was a cause/affect system. By that I mean, he believed that your deeds in each incarnation, as they called it, were reflected in the next reincarnation. There
is no mention in Buddhism of the original creation.

The fifth major Eastern religion that began in that time period was Taoism founded by Lao Tse. He lived from 604 to 517 B.C. This religion was a rival of Confuciusianism in China. “Taoism … was also an evolutionary religion, built around the concept of ‘the Way.'” (The Long War Against God, p. 221) It was basically pantheistic in philosophy. Taoism teaches that nature is bi-polar. All of nature is divided into yin and yang. Yin is represented by water on the one end, and yang is represented by fire at the other end.

The five major Eastern religions that developed during this time were Hinduism, Confucianism, Zoroasterism, Buddhism, and Taoism. Because of the atheistic and pantheistic philosophies of these religions, and the lack of importance placed on God, the entrance of ccmmunism into these countries was very simple. When the evolutionary doctrine was taught in these countries, the people did not have to change their religion in order to include it. Evolution and communism blended in fine with the Eastern religions. In about 1895, a man named Yen Fu translated Thomas Huxley’s book into Chinese. That was probably the turning point in China. It led the way for communism to take over so many of the oriental countries.

At the time of Christ, it was almost universally accepted as “scientific fact” that the world was infinitely old. The two philosophies mentioned above were very prevalent during the development of the early church. These are the philosophies that were referred to in Col. 2:8 where the Bible says “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit.” As the Apostle Paul was preaching on Mars Hill, he began his sermon by talking about the infinite creator, the God that made the worlds.

Then Paul stood in the midst of Mars’ hill, and
said, Ye men of Athens, I perceive that in all
things ye are too superstitious.
For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I
found an altar with this inscription, TO THE
UNKNOWN GOD, Whom therefore ye ignorantly
worship, him declare I unto you.
God that made the w.:’rld and all things therein,
seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth,
dwelleth not in temples mde with hands; (Acts
17:22-24)

This immediately got the people’s attention. We are in the same situation today. In order to reach people that have been heavily influenced by evolution, we must first begin with the foundation, the creation. We can’t immediately quote John 3:16 because it sounds like a foreign language to them. They have been so brainwashed away from God by evolutionary philosophy that we must begin with the basics. We must slowly pry open their closed minds by getting them to answer the question, “Who is the Creator who made the world?”

Almost immediately after the time of Christ, several groups developed around Christianity that claimed to be Christian. Some had pure motives and some had impure motives. Those with impure motives desired to dilute and destroy the Christian teaching. For example, one of the groups that developed was from Alexandria, Egypt. There was a school in Alexandria that had teachers that tried to reinstate Aristotle’s philosophy into Christianity. St Clement, who lived from approximately 150 to 215 A.D., taught in this Alexandrian school. He started one of the early compromises that tried to bring the Almighty God of the Bible down to the pantheist God of nature. You see the God of creation is above and outside of the creation whereas the god of pantheism is in his creation and is limited by the creation. Instead of him being over the universe, he is like a major cog in the machinery but not the man running the machinery. Clement had a very clear intention of making God a pantheist God. Evolution is just part of a long war against God. The main idea is to bring God down ciff His throne. Satan has always wanted to do that and he hasn’t given up yet.

Many in the Alexandrian school were of this philosophy. They actually re-copied parts of the Bible to be more in line with their beliefs and made what are known today as the Alexandrian manuscripts. These have been discredited and rejected by most Bible-believing Christians because there are differences in these manuscripts and the other manuscripts of the Bible. Many of the Alexandrian manuscripts are older than the manuscripts used by the bible-believing Christians, yet older does not mean better. lt would only make sense that if a manuscript were accepted as authentic by the believers that it would be used over and ovr until it was worn out. Then a new copy would be made. It would be checked extensively by the priests to verify that all had been copied correctly. They would even count the number of letters to verify that all was correct. Then the old copy would be destroyed. This process was repeated many times as manuscripts became unusable. Those manuscripts that were not accepted would not be used, and therefore, would last longer. The Alexandrian manuscripts are the source of many of the modernday translations. Instead of going to the “original” manuscripts, the modern translators have been using the Alexandrian This results in a perverting and watering down of the Scriptures.

Another very influential man in the Alexandrian school was a man by the name of Origen. He was born approximately 185 A.D. and died 256 A.D. Origen had a very vehement desire to put the evolutionary theory of pantheism into Christianity. He especially thought that Genesis i and 2 needed to be changed. He taught that they were an allegory, a myth. He said these two chapters were just a story to try to explain some of the processes God used and that they were not to be taken literally. The idea of Genesis 1 and 2 not being literally scientifically accurate and true probably has one of its major roots in the teachings of Origen. He is a key man in the history of evolution.

The next man in this history of evolution is a man by the name of Augustine. He was born approximately 353 A.D. and died about 430 A.D. He is called St. Augustine by the Catholic church. Augustine still plays a vital part in the Catholic church doctrine. He would be the equivalent of a theistic evolutionist today.

About 620 A.D., Mohammed, the founder of the religion of Islam, hated the polytheism that was around him at the time. One of his goals and desires was to develop a monotheistic religion. He developed an unusual mixture between Christianity and Judaism. He eventually became very anti-Christian. He wanted a limited God of nature, a pantheistic type of god. The god of Mohammedism is not the God of the Bible by any stretch of the imagination. It is a little pantheistic god of nature. Because of this, the Islam religion accepts evolution very readily as a scientific fact because it fits so well with their teaching. In the country of Turkey (which is almost totally dedicated to Mohammed) evolution is taught as fact.

In 1225 A.D., a man was born named Thomas Aquinas. He was called “the angelic doctor.” He continued Augustine’s idea of the pantheist God. He was very influential in reviving Aristotle’s teaching in the Catholic church. As a matter of fact, it became a law in the Catholic church that you must teach Aristotle’s doctrine as far as the origin of the universe or you would be treated as a heretic.

In the early 1600’s, Galileo invented the telescope. He looked at the moon and noticed the rugged surface of the moon. He then said that the moon was not smooth like Aristotle said it was. Aristotle had said back in 400 B.C. that the moon was like a perfect smooth sphere, a crystal ball to reflect the sunlight. Galileo even published a book that stated that the moon was not smooth. Aristotle was also contradicted by Galileo on his theory of gravity. Aristotle had said that heavier objects fall faster than lighter objects. Galileo proved that to be wrong. In the mid 1600’s, Galileo, under penalty of death by the Catholic church, had to recant his awful heresy of teaching that the moon was not smooth. He had dared to suggest that the doctrines of Aristotle as taught by the church could be wrong! He wrote a second book to say that he was wrong and that the moon was perfectly smooth. The priests even refused to look through Galileo’s telescope because they said that it was demon possessed. The hold of Aristotle’s philosophy on the minds of the people of that time was so strong that scientific progress was hindered. We face the same thing today. The faulty teaching of evolution is hindering scientific progress.

Thomas Aquinas was no doubt a very sincere man. However, he was sincerely wrong. He was a very influential person in the Renaissance which is called the “Great Awakening.” He is often called the father of the Renaissance. This was a time for getting people to think again. They began to be sceptical of religion in general and the Catholic Church in particular. The next influential character we come to in our tracing of the history of evolution is Benoit de Maillet. He was born in 1656 and died about 1738. He was very anti-Bible and tried to influence anyone he could to not believe the Bible. He was very full of occult ideas. He wrote a book which was his name spelled backward, Telliamed. He was a very avid atheist, evolutionist, and a materialist. He believed in a great infinite age of the earth. He was very influential in furthering the ideas of evolution, particularly in the country of France.

Another man at this time was Maupertis, born 1698, and died 1759. He was a physicist and a mathematician, and was a ciose friend of Voltaire. Both of these men hated Christianity with a passion and wanted to do anything they could to discredit the Bible.

Voltair, born 1694 and died in 1798, was a deist and was an open enemy of Christianity. When he was five years of age, he memorized “The Skeptics Poem”, and on his death bed he said, “I am abandoned by God and man. I shall go to hell.” He is also quoted as saying, “If God did not exist, it would be necessary for man to invent hirn.” Many people in colleges today use this quote to pull peciple away from Christianity. Voltair is also quoted as saying, “I wish I had never been born.” He is also said to have scoffed at Sir Isaac Newton. Newton had been meditating on Daniel 12:4 which says, “But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased. Newton said that he believed that someday man would go more than 50 miles per hour. Voltair picked up on this and laughed. He then travelled around preaching about the ridiculous ideas in the Bible to put such thoughts into Newton’s head. Voltair had a deist friend as a young man named Abbe de Chateuneuf, a bachelor and probably a homosexual. During the French Revolution, Voltair tried to establish a ten-day work week instead of a seven-day week just to try to get people away from the seven days of creation. This, of course, was a miserable failure. This is just an example of what he tried to do to get people away from the Bible and from Christianity.

Another Frenchman during this time of turmoil of the 1600 and 1700’s was a man named Comte de Buffon(1707-1788). He was the director of the French botanical Gardens for fifty years. He was also a prolific author. He wrote a 44 volume series on science called History of Nature. This is full of evolutionary ideas. (MISSING WORDS) his writing before the French Revolution, he was very careful not to do things that would offend the Catholic Church. He was very influential in spreading the doctrine of evolution around the world.

Another man that is very important as we trace the history of evolution is Erasmus Darwin, the grandfather of Charles Darwin. He was born in 1731 and died in 1802. He was an extremely fat person. In fact, he was so fat they had to cut a curve in the dining room table so that he could get, up to the table. He was a medical doctor. He was also very immoral. He had twelve legitimate children and two illegitimate children. He was known to have had many affairs. He was a great admirer of the French philosopher, Rousseau, who was the chief philosopher of the French Revolution. Darwin was a deist, not an atheist, but was a strong opponent of Christianity. In 1734 he wrote a book called Zoonomia, which contained many of the evolutionary ideas that were later claimed by Charles, his grandson. The United States and England were not yet ready to accept the evolutionary ideas because there was still such a strong Christian influence. About 65 years later, his grandson, Charles, would get credit for modern ideas of evolution. Erasmus Darwin founded the Lunar Society in Birmingham, England in the late 1700’s.

I think it is not a coincidence that people who are atheists or evolutionists frequently have a wicked lifestyle or at least a lifestyle against the plain teachings of the Bible. Therefore, evolution is an easy way for them to justify their lifestyle. The problem is one of philosophy, not one of science. They don’t want there to be a God because of their wicked lifestyle. That is their real problem.

The next man with an influential part in this history of evolution was Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck, born in 1744, died in 1829. Lamarck wrote two famous books on zoology, one in 1809 and one in 1815. He was a French atheist. He was appointed by the French Revolutionary government. He was very bitterly anti-Bible and anti-Christian. He hated the Bible, especially the creation and the flood story. He was determined to give people an alternative explanation for how the earth got here beside the creation and the flood. He also was an immoral man. He had six illegitimate children by three different women. He taught a theory that giraffes had longer necks because they would stretch their necks to reach the leaves higher on the trees. Those that were not able to stretch would simply die out in times of drought. Then the long necks giraffes would pass that trait on to their children. This is known as the “inheritance of acquired characteristics.” There is no biologist today that believes this theory. Acquired traits are not inherited because they have no effect on the genetic-matter. Lamarck died in poverty and was unwanted when he died.

One of the men greatly influenced by Lamarck was a man named Charles Lyell. Lyell was born in 1797 and died in 1875. He is called the father of modern geology. He was a lawyer, not a scientist. He developed what is called the, “geologic column.” This column is still taught in every earth science classroom today. The whole idea of the geologic column is based on uniformitarianism, or the present is the key to the past. This is mentioned in II Peter 3 where it says in the last days scoffers are going to come and they will say all things continue as they were. It goes on to say in II Peter 3 that they are willingly ignorant of the creation and the flood. The flood explains geology. The present processes do not explain geology. The Colorado River did not form the Grand Canyon. The Grand Canyon was formed as the flood went down. Lyell took the old philosophy of naturalism and applied it to earth history. Sadly, many of the creationists of his day accepted his philosophy. They thought it was time to update the Bible and some how make the Biblical account of creation include eons of time. Lyell cleverly trapped Christians of his day with his erroneous teaching. He wrote a book called “Principles of Geology.” It was this book that influenced Charles Darwin while he was on his voyage on the HMS Beagle many years later. Lyell was Darwin’s friend and urged him to publish his book, “Origin of Species.” Lyell had a determination to destroy the idea of the Biblical flood in the minds of people. He promoted the teaching, of Hutton. Each of these men just built on each other’s sinking foundation. There was a movement in the early 1800’s to disarm the monarch system of government. They saw that the Bible taught that you should obey the king and therefore, the Bible stood in the way of democracy. They thought that by disproving the Bible they would be able to disarm the monarchists. They had political goals, not scientific goals, for teaching unifcrmitarianism. Lyell often ridiculed what he called “Mosaic geology.” He was very shrewd and therefore, never openly attacked the Bible. Henry Morris in his book “Long War gainst God”, pg. 65 says, “Lyell’s dominating motivation was his desire to undermine the authority of the Bible.”

The next man we come to in tracing the history of evolution is a man by the name of Charles Darwin. Darwin was born in 1809 and died in 1882. He is most famous for two books that he authored. The second one was “The Descent of Man.” The first one, and most famous, is “The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.” This book also had a subtitle called “The Preservation of the Favored Races in the Struggle for Life.” He took a five year voyage in the 1830’s on the HMS Beagle. During that voyage, he read extensively Lyell’s book. This greatly influenced him to think that the earth was millions of years old. When he returned from his voyage, he was encouraged by Lyell to publish a book. Darwin wrote for many years, but never published the book. Lyell realized that a man named Wallace was going to beat Darwin to the punch in publishing such a book on evolution. Lyell encouraged Darwin to go ahead and publish his book. Darwin published it in 1859. The Industrial Revolution was well under way and people were looking for some way to justify the cruelty that accompanied this revolution. (Child labor, sweat houses, etc. ) Darwin’s book was just what the world needed to justify the cruel ruthless tactics of the industrial revolution. Darwin had a theology degree. He became a deist, and later, very proudly an atheist. There are many stories of him repenting on his death bed, but there still is much confusion on the issue.

The next key character in the history of evolution is Karl Marx. Karl Marx was born in 1818 and died in 1883. He is known as the father of Communism. Karl Marx was very much influenced as a youngster by a man Auguste Comte. Comte, along with Herbert Spencer, James Frazier, Edward Taylor, and some others, were ardent Darwinists. They strongly promoted Darwin’s teachings, particularly those on the evolution of religion. They began teaching back then that even monotheism (the belief in one God) was the result of evolution. They said that man used to believe in many gods and gradually declined to just one god. They taught that religion actually evolved. This is a false teaching that is still promoted today in universities.

Marx was a very egotistical man. He had a definite hatred for God and the Bible. He was born into a rich family. He was a good friend of Friedrich Engels, a socialist leader in England. They believed that struggle is the means of development. Because of this belief, they thought that class struggle was good. By the time Darwin’s book was published, Marx had already written several books and developed his revolutionary ideas. Even though Marx was rich, he claimed to take the cause of the poor class. By the way, in every Communist country today, there are still only two ciasses-the extremely rich and the extremely poor. Communism does not solve the problem that it claims it is going to solve; it only worsens the problem. Because of the idea of development by class struggle, Marx readily accepted Darwin’s book when it was published in 1859. By December of 1859, just two months after Darwin’s book was published, Marx and Engels were corresponding concerning Darwin’s book. They said that it was exactly what they had been waiting for to justify their class struggle. Marx strongly emphasized that environmental influence, like Lamarck had discussed, (the belief that certain traits that are acquired can be passed on genetically to the next generation), could affect the rate of evolution in humanity. He said that if the environment were changed, people would evolve faster. He thought that evolution could be controlled or accelerated then by handling factors in the environment. Marx wrote two very famous books that radically changed the world: “The Communist Manifesto” and “Das Kapital.” Marx wrote in a poem one time, I wish to avenge myself against the one who rules above…” and he has certainly accomplished that. Because of Marx’s doctrine of Communism, belief in God was outlawed, Bibles were outlawed, and millions of people have lost their lives in various countries around the world. On Judgment Day, Marx will be responsible for the lives and blood of millions of people. Marx, with his bitter hatred toward God, developed Communism.

Let’s go on in the “Who’s Who” in the evolutionary hall. We will continue in chronological order by their birthdates, because the tangled web becomes rather difficult to decipher. Each of these men were working with each other or near each other. Sometimes they were not aware of others working in the same field. Sometimes they were very close companions.

The next man we come to is Alfred Russell Wallace. He was born in 1823 and died in 1913. He was a contemporary with Darwin. He came up with several theories such as the survival of the fittest. This was used by the capitalists in the 1800’s to justify the annihilation of anyone who did not “fit in.” For instance, Rockefeller, Carnegie, and some of those early tycoons, were ruthless in their business practices because they based their business practices on evolution. They said only the fittest can survive, so we will be the strongest and take over. With Rockefeller’s Standard Oil company the way they used to monopolize the market was by buying out all of the stations in a particular town. Any stations that refused to sell were literally “driven out of business.” For instance, if the price of gasoline was twenty cents a gallon, Rockefeller would instruct his people to sell it for fifteen cents a gallon for a few months, just long enough to put the competitor out of business. When the other station would go out of business, he would have a corner on the market and jack his prices back up. The idea of evolution actually had its modern beginning with Wallace. Darwin is given the credit for it, but Wallace actually published his book first, nearly a year earlier. He emphasized a struggle for existence, the survival of the fittest, and natural selection. Wallace had very little education. He served at an apprenticeship for a while. He read Thomas Payne’s book, “The Age Of Reason,” as a teenager and became very skeptical in matters of religion. He blended right in with ideas of socialism, Marxism, and anarchism. He was heavily influenced by Malthus’ book, and he believed in spiritism and the occult. Wallace was a pantheist, whereas Darwin became more and more of an atheist. They kind of split over the idea of whether there was really a God. Because of Wallace’s spiritist, pantheist, and occultist teaching of evolution, he could really be considered the founding father of the New Age movement. He lived in Malaysia for about eight years, and watched the spiritist rituals that those people performed. He developed many of his theories in that setting. The New Age movement is nothing more than the old rebellion against God and the belief in evolution, with a little Hindu and Buddhist religion mixed in with it.

Let’s continue our journey through the history of evolution. The next man we come to is Thomas Huxley. He was born in 1825 and died in 1895. Huxley was called “Darwin’s bulldog.” He actively promoted Darwin’s work after his publication of Origin of Species. He was very strong in his beliefs, and anxious for Christianity to be overthrown. Thomas Huxley did not claim to be an atheist. He claimed to be an agnostic. He is the one that actually made up the term “agnostic.” He said that if there is a God, it doesn’t matter. God had no part in his life. He was an English biologist and a writer. He taught that ethics and morals had also evolved. He even wrote a book in the 1800’s called Evolution and Ethics. He was very much a racist. Evolution lends itself readily to racism, which can be seen by the following quotes from Darwin and Huxley,

At some future per jod, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilized races of man will almost certainly exterminate and replace the savage races throughout the world. At the same time the anthropomorphous apes… will no doubt be exterminated. The break between man and his nearest allies will then be wider, for it will intervene between man in a more civilized state, as we may hope, even than the Caucasian, and some ape as low as a baboon, instead of as now between the negro or Australian and the gorilla. (The Descent of Man, A. L. Burt Co., 1B74, p. 178)

No rational man, cognizant of the facts, believes that the average negro is the equal, still less the superior, of the white man. And if this be true, it is simply incredible that, when all his disabilities are removed, and our prognathous relative has a fair field and no favor, as well as no oppressor, he will be able to compete successfully with his bigger-brained and smaller-jawed rival, in a contest which is to be carried on by thoughts and not by bites. (Lay Sermons, Addresses and Reviews, Appleton, 1971, p. 20)

Darwin’s notion that the various races were at different evolutionary distances from the ape, with Negroes at the bottom and Caucasian at the top, was not unique to him, but rather was almost universal among the evolutionary scientists of the nineteenth century. Notice Huxley’s argument that blacks could not compete intellectually with the Caucasians under equal and fair conditions. Racism started, or was greatly enhanced by Darwin and Thomas Huxley. Huxley is the grandfather of two men who were also famous in evolutionary circles today, Sir Julian Huxley and Aldous Huxley. Thomas Huxley had been witnessed to on several occasions. Here is one quote from the Encyclopedia of Illustrations, #6230, entitled “Huxley’s Sunday Talk,” by J. B. Dengis,

A friend of mine was once on a parliamentary commission with Prof. T. H. Huxley. They happened to stay at a little country inn over Sunday. Huxley said to my friend, “I suppose you are going to church this morning?” “I am; I always go to church.” “I know you do,” said Huxley, “but suppose this morning you sit down and talk with me about religion–simple experimental religion.” I will,” said my friend, “if you mean it.”

They sat down together, and my friend out of a deep and rich experience told him of the Cross of Christ and pardoning love, and after three hours tears stood in Huxley’s eyes; and he put out his hand and said, “If only I could believe that, I would be willing to give my right hand.” What do you call that but intellectual imprisonment?

The next individual on our journey through the history of evolution is Ernest Haeckel. He was born in 1834 and died in 1919. He was a German biologist and philosopher. He developed the “Biogenetic Law,” or the “Recapitulation Theory.” This theory teaches that the human embryo inside the mother’s womb goes through the different stages of evolution, from fish to reptile to mammal to human. This has long since been disproven. It is now known that there is no recapitulation. This theory is used for the justification for abortion. The human embryo, the abortionists say, is not fully human yet and it is okay to kill it because it hasn’t yet reached the human stage. I’m not saying that abortion started with evolution. I am saying that evolution does serve to give, in the abortionist’s mind, some scientific justification to abortion.

Haeckel was a advocate of Lamarck’s theory, that acquired characteristics could be inherited. He invented all sorts of sketches or fabricated pictures that showed the different embryos of animals, including man, and how they were so similar. He later confessed that these were lies. These sketches were reproduced and are still displayed in some textbooks. Haeckel became one of Germany’s ideologists for racism, nationalism, and imperialism. Probably more than any other man, Haeckel is responsible for the influence on a young man who was to come later and radically change the world, Adolf Hitler. In reading Haeckel’s ideas and experiments, Hitler decided that the strongest race was the one that was to survive. His imperialism led to his belief that, the Germans were to take over the world. Much harm as come to the world by this man, Ernest Haeckel.

In the mid 1850’s, there was a revival of the Buddhist cult. It was co-founded by Colonel H. S. Olcott. The goal of this was to unify the Buddhist. The name of this revival was Theosophy. The Theosophy cult was also founded by Madam Helena Blavatsky. The second statement in their platform of doctrinal beliefs says, “The universe was evolved, not created, and it functions according to law.” We are seeing a great revival of the New Age cult today.

Sigmund Freud is the next man in the great influence for evolution and against Biblical Christianity. He was born in 1856 and died in 1939. He was an ardent follower of Darwin. In 1915, he was convinced that Darwin’s and Lamarck’s theories were right. He believed that acquired traits could be inherited. He thought that mental disorders were simply leftover behaviors that had been appropriate in earlier stages of evolution. He also believed in the Recapitulation Theory. Freud is known as the father of modern psychology. Many of the teachings and practices of psychology today are based on Freud’s observations that man is just an animal and needs to be treated as an animal.

The next man we come to is Sir Julian Huxley. He was born in 1887 and died in 1975. He was the first Director General of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). He was also one of the founders of the American Humanists Association in 1933. He was a pantheist and believed that nature is the god that is to be worshipped. He is quoted as saying, “Darwin’s theory is no longer a theory, but a fact. He is also. quoted as saying, “No supernatural designer is needed.” He believed that evolution could answer all of the problems. He was a leader of the New Age Movement until his death in 1975. It is reported by his nurses that on his deathbed, as he looked up to heaven with a blank stare, he said, “So it is true.”

His brother, Aldous Huxley, born in 1894, and died 1963, was a leader in the modern drug culture. He was an atheist, a philosopher, and a strong advocate of hallucinogenic drugs. Huxley is largely responsible for the drug culture that developed in the sixties. He was one of the first intellectuals to openly promote taking drugs as a way to expand your mind and your experience.

There are number of people on the list in the twentieth century who have had an influence for evolution and against God. Henry Fairfield Osborne, an American anthropologist, was a leading evolutionist and an avid racist. During the first half of this century, he was the director of the American Museum of Natural History. He believed that the various stages of childhood for a Caucasian were said to represent the lower races and how high they had attained in evolution. For instance, he said that the blacks are at the bottom, then the yellow races, then the whites are at the top. Let me quote from Osborne’s book, The Evolution of Human Races, Natural History magazine, Jan/Feb 1926, p. 123,

“The Negroid stock is even more ancient than the Caucasian and Mongolian, as may be proved by an examination not only of the brain, of the hair, of the bodily characters, such as the teeth, the genitalia, the sense organs, but of the instincts, the intelligence. The standard of intelligence of the average adult Negro is similar to that of the eleven-year-old youth of the species Homo sapiens.”

Evolution has brought the world so much trouble. This is one of the key tools that Satan is using here in the end times to bring the world under his dominion. Shintoism is the state religion of Japan. It is a mixture of Buddhism and ancient polytheistic myths about Japanese people. Shintoism teaches that the Japanese are descendants of the gods and are destined to rule the world. They teach that the Emperor is from the sun god, the highest god. It was Shintoism, based on evolution, that was responsible for Japan’s actions in World War II. They were determined to takeover and rule the world, just like Hitler was doing in Germany. Both of them were motivated by a desire to help evolution along. This goes right back to the Garden of Eden where Satan said, “Ye shall be as gods.” from the very beginning, man has had a desire to take over the throne of God and Satan promotes that desire by the teaching of evolution.

THE RELIGION OF EVOLUTION

It has long been my contention that evolution is just another religion. There is no empirical evidence to back it up so it is certainly not a part of science. The evolutionists say that man made God instead of God making man. Who is right? In this chapter I would like to discuss the evolution of religion or the religion of evolution, which is it? The public schools have been teaching for the last fifty years that religion has evolved. We have been taught that man started off believing in many gods, worshiping the rocks, stars, etc, the cave man philosophy, and that he gradually developed monotheism (the belief in one God). Yet archaeology seems to tell us that just the opposite is true. It tells us that man has always been a monotheist and worshipped one God. All of the ancient cultures seem to teach us just the opposite of what we are being taught in our public schools today.

Religion has not evolved. Man did not create Gods God created man. Since evolution is just a religion, it should not be taught in public schools at taxpayers expense unless all religions are going to be taught.

In 1963, the Supreme Court ruled that if a parent or child objects to certain materials being taught in the public schools, the child cannot be removed from the class because that would violate his constitutional rights. The court further decided that the objectionable course or material would have to be removed. This case involved the
question of prayer and religion. The precedent can be applied to sex education or any other questionable material. The ruling also said that no government building or facility may be used to commit inhibitions or hostilities to godly religion. There may some reading this who may remember when prayer when was taken out of the public school system. I was only in the fifth grade and did not understand what was going on. Madeline Murray O’Hare did not want her son made to pray in the public school. She said that it was objectionable to her. She claimed that that was an obvious case of the government advancing a religion at the taxpayers expense. She was very successful in getting prayer taken out of the public school system.

Of course, I don’t like what Madeline Murray O’Hare stands for or what she did, but it does bring up an interesting point. If evolution is just a religion, then it also should be taken cut of the public schools. I would like to see some legal action taken to get evolution taken out of the public school system on the grounds that it is just a religion. The first step is to approach the school board and request that they remove the objectionable materials. Step two is to go to the people who supply the funds for the school, the county commission. Step three is
to take the issue to court.

There are basically four options in this issue. The first option is to teach evolution only and ignore creation or any other theories of the origin of the earth. This is what is going on now in the public school system. The option at the other end of the scale would be to teach only creation. This is what was going on in 1925 in Dayton, Tennessee. Tennessee had passed a law that made the teaching of evolution a crime. A young biology teacher in the small town of Dayton was encouraged to create a test case by teaching evolution in spite of the law. The teacher was arrested and tried. The now famous atheist lawyer Clarence Darrow came in as defense for the side of the teacher and evolution, Darrow said that it was unfair to teach only one side of the issue. He said that it was the height of bigotry to prevent students from learning both sides of this issue. Even though Darrow lost the case and the teacher was fined $100 his plea for equal treatment was headed. Slowly the schools began to teach the theory of evolution with the truth of creation.

We are now at the other end of the spectrum. The tides have totally shifted and we are now teaching only evolution. This is Scopes in reverse. The same bigotry that they objected against they now condone since the tables are turned. Even though they can, most public school teachers don’t mention creation. They have been told that it is against the law to talk about creation because it is a religious subject. Evolution is religious also.

There are two middle-ground options available in this issue. The first would be to teach both evolution and creation in the public school classrooms. This was passed as law in the state of Louisiana, but was never enforced because people contested that law. This was contested because the idea of creation has religions connotations and therefore, they contested, it should not be taught in the public school system. They immediately claim the “separation of church and state.” This ideal is not found in the Constitution. lt is found in Jefferson’s writings. Even if this true, the courts decided that teachers have the right to give any number of theories on the origin of the earth.

The next option is to leave both of these beliefs out of the public school system. I taught high school science and mathematics. I know that you can teach students many things without mentioning origins and where we came from. It is possible to leave the issue totally up to the home or to the church.

The public school system is right now using option number one, teaching dogmatically evolution. They would never dream of switching to option four of teaching only creation. Since option two of teaching both has not worked, I believe we are left with option three. I believe we should just leave both beliefs out of the public school system. Madeline Murray O’Hare had a very valid point. It is not right to use tax dollars to promote religion, any religion, in the public school system.

Webster defines a rei igicun as “a belief in a divine or super-human power or powers to be obeyed and worshipped as the creator of the universe.” What created the universe? Was it blind chance, evolution? If so, then blind chance is their creator and they worship chance. Time and matter become the gods of the evolutionist. If you begin taking away time from the evolutionist by saying that the earth is young, that is like taking a pacifier out of a baby’s mouth. If Webster’s definition of religion is correct, then evolution is definitely a part of religion, not science. I taught science for many years, and I am not against real science. However, we have entered the realm of religion when we begin saying that the earth came into being out of nothing.

There is a wealth of information on this subject. Let me share what a few evolutionists have said about evolution. Sir Arthur Keith, an avid evolutionist, said, “Evolution is unproved and unprovable. We believe it because the only alternative is special creation and that is unthinkable.” This reveals quite a bit about the evolutionists. They believe it only because they do not like the option of special creation. L. H. Matthews, the evolutionist who wrote the preface to the 1971 edition of Darwin’s book, said, “Belief in the theory of evolution was exactly parallel to the belief in special creation with evclution merely a satisfactory faith on which to base our interpretation of nature.” Evolution is a faith, a religion. Pierre Grasse, the French biologist, said, “Scientists should destroy the myth of evolution.” L. H. Lipsome, the British physicist said, “In fact, evolution in a sense became a scientific religion. Almost all scientists have accepted it and many are prepared to bend their observations to fit in with it.”

Evolution without a question is a religion. It is a religion of humanism. Either man is the ultimate king of the world, or God is the ultimate king of the world. Humanism is the religion of man being the ultimate. Humanist Manifesto One says, “Humanism is a philosophical, religious, and moral point of view as old as human civilization itself.” They admit right up front that it is religious. They go on to say, “In 1933 a group of 34 liberal humanists enunciated the philosophical and religious principles that seemed to them fundamental. They drafted Humanist Manifesto One, which for it’s time was a radical document. This document was concerned with expressing a general religious and philosophical outlook that rejected Orthodox and dogmatic positions and provided meaning and direction, unity and purpose to human life. It was committed to reason, science, and democracy.” It goes on to say that “if no deity will save us, we must save ourselves. ” Humanism without a question is religious. Humanists admit to this fact. Here are a few different statements from Humanist Manifesto I & II that further illustrate the religious nature of evolutionism: (the numbers correspond to the actual statement number from Humanist Manifesto I and II by Prometheus Books edited by Paul Kurtz) The first statement is humanists regard the universe as self-existing, not created.” They are calling themselves “religious humanists.” Humanism is a religion. Here in the foundational document of humanism, we see that they regard the universe as self-existing and not created. In other words, they believe in evolution. Matter has always been here and the earth created itself. The second statement is “humanism believes that man is a part of nature and that he has emerged as a result of a continuous process.” Again referring plainly to evolution. It could be easily proven that the foundation of humanism is evolution and humanism is a religion. Therefore, the teaching of evolution in the tax-supported public school system is the fostering and furthering of a religion. The only religion being promoted at the taxpayers expense is the religion of humanism. We need to put a stop to that. The third statement in the Humanist Manifesto says “holding an organic view of life, humanists find that traditional dualism of mind and body must be rejected.” With the phrase “an organic view of life”, they are saying that evolution is the way we got here. The fourth statement says, ‘We are products of a gradual development. ” “Gradual development” again refers to evolution. The eighth statement in the Humanist Manifesto says “Religious humanism considers the complete realization of human personality to be the end of man’s life and seeks its development and fulfillment in the here and now.” Again, they refer to their philosophy as “religious humanism.” The ninth statement says, “In place of the old attitudes involved in worship and prayer, the humanist finds his emotions expressed in a heightened sense of personal life in a cooperative effort to promote social well-being.” The twelfth statement says, “Religious humanists aim to foster the creative in man and encourage achievements that add to the satisfactions of life.” The thirteenth statement begins “Religious humanism maintains that all associations and institutions exist for the fulfillment of human life.” The last paragraph of Humanists Manifesto One says “So stand the theses of religious humanism.” That is the gist
of the Humanist Manifesto.

We go on now the the Humanist Manifesto Two written by Paul Kurtz and Edwin Wilson. It says “salvationism still appears as harmful.” Read this carefully. The idea here is to teach people that Christians are the enemy and that we are standing in the way of progress. I believe we as Christians need to be aware of this message. Most of the programs on television are examples of Hollywood’s definite desire to discredit Christianity. You will not see a preacher portrayed as a God-fearing man. You will see him portrayed as a wild-eyed fanatic killing people, or steal ing money from the church or some other evil deed. You will never see the truth in the Hollywood movies about Christianity. There is a deliberate war being waged against religion in general and Christianity in particular. Other religions such as Hinduism and Buddahism are taught as being okay, even in the public schools. But the idea of bringing in Christianity is utterly despised.

The Humanist Manifesto Two goes on to say “any account of nature should pass the test of scientific evidence: “In our judgment, the dogmas and myths of traditional religion do not do so.” If they really mean that “the account of nature should pass the test of scientific evidence”, they should examine and see if evolution will pass the test of scientific evidence. In order for something to be scientific, it has to be observable. Anything outside the realm of observation is not scientific. For something to be scientific, it must be testable. There is no observation to back up evolution and no test has devised to demonstrate it. If evolution occurred in the past, it should have been preserved for us in the fossil record. We have trillion of fossils, yet we have absolutely no evidence of evolution occurring in the past. There is nothing going on in the present that gives evidence of evolution.

Stephen J. Gould and Nyics Eldredge, two famous evolutionists, said, “At the higher level of evolutionary transition between basic morphological designs, gradualism has always been in trouble though it remains the official position of most western evolutionists. Smooth intermediates between basic kinds are almost impossible to construct. Even in thought experiments, there is certainly no evidences for them in the fossil record. Curious mosaics like archaeopteryx do not count.” In his review of Steven Stanley’s book Macro-Evolution, D. S. Woodruff said, “Fossil species remain unchanged throughout most of their history and the record fails to record a single example of a transition. There is no evidence in the fossil record for evolution. In a Newsweek article entitled “Is Man a Subtle Accident?”, November 3, 1980, it is said, “The missing link between man and ape, whose absence has comforted fundamentalist since the days of Darwin, is merely the most glamorous of a whole hierarchy of phantom creatures. The more scientists have searched for the transitional forms that lie between species, the more they have been frustrated.” There have been no missing links. The entire chain is missing!

Evolution is a religion. It does not fit the criteria of science. It is not observable. There is no observation for evolution in the past or in the present. Stephen J. Gould says in Natural History The Return of Hopeful Monsters, “The fossil record with its abrupt transitions offers no support for gradual change. All paleontologists know that the fossil record contains precious little in the way of intermediate forms. Transitions between major groups are characteristically abrupt.” If the definition of science is observation, classification of data, and experimentation, where is the observation for evolution? Evolution is a religious faith. If the evolutionists want to believe in evolution, they are free to do so. We live in America which is a free country. We are free to choose what we want to believe. What I am upset about is the fact that their faith is being taught as science in the public school system at my expense as a taxpayer. That upsets me greatly!

Romans 1:21 says, “Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful: but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened, Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to bird, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, and to dishonor their own bodies between themselves. Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections; for even their women did change the natural use into that which is again nature. And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge…

This last statement says it all. Evolution is a deliberate attempt to eliminate God. It is time for thinking people to dethrone evolution and get some common sense back in the science class.

I write letters to the editor very frequently.

Here is one published some time ago that sums up my feelings on the subject.

Evolution isn’t science

Remember the story of tailors who kept asking for more silk and gold to make a royal suit for the king? The deceitful men were pocketing the goods and giving the king imaginary clothes. Anyone who couldn’t “see” the splendor of these “clothes” was obviously not intelligent.

To even dare to suggest that His Highness was not gorgeously arrayed was to invite a barrage of ridicule and scorn. And so the entire kingdom was duped into silence until a small “ignorant” boy cried cut, “The kind hath no clothes!”

It is still true today that a few scoundrels can cajole the masses into silence about the obvious using ridicule and derision. For example: It is obvious that evolution didn’t, doesn’t and won’t happen. Design demands a designer. Frogs don’t turn into princes, and “big bangs” make big messes not neat, orderly universes. There are no facts to support evolutionism. It stands royally naked.

Over 90 percent of the “ignorant” masses believe that the world was created by God. Thousands of taxpayers in this county resent their tax money supporting the humanist religion of evolution in our schools. In spite of this, Katie Knight (science curriculum supervisor in Escambia County) told me that only one person is objecting to the teaching of evolution in our schools… Me.

How long will we let them steal our gold and give us nothing in return? They steal our kids’ class time and brain power promoting this fairy tale of evolution while they keep asking for more gold.

Review the books this year, and voice your complaint. Textbooks are being selected now. Let’s get back to teaching real science and stop letting them tell us that evolutionism must be included.

It is not science and is not even remotely related to science., Even though the socialist tailors insist I’m the one who is blind and give evolutionism royal treatment, I still say, “The king (evolution) hath no clothes!”

THE EFFECTS OF EVOLUTION

Evolution is probably one of the most important subjects facing us today because of the world view and lifestyle that it breeds. A person’s belief that he is a creation of God involves a particular world view that will make. him live a certain way. If he believes that he is a creation of chance, that there is no God, then that will produce a lifestyle or world view that will have certain consequences on his life.

Who cares anyway? Why is this subject so important?

I’d like to begin by saying that the subject is very dear to my heart. I’m both glad and sad to be able to discuss the topic of creation/evolution in the Bible. I’m glad because I love the Bible and the God of the Bible and I’m honored to be able to share my faith in God’s incredible book. I’m glad because we have freedom in this country that allows us to discuss topics like this. Many other countries do not even allow a discussion on this subject. You have to accept the state opinion. America is headed that way, I fear. But I’m glad that right now in America we have the freedom to discuss the contradictory or conflicting religions of creation and evolution. I’m glad because discussions of this type will force people to take a stand on the issue. You either believe one side or the other. There is no middle ground in this case.

But I am very sad because many other countries don’t allow this type of discussion on creation and evolution. Many millions of my brothers in the faith have given their lives and fortunes for the Blessed Book, the Bible. I’m sad because it looks like many more will have to do the same in the next few years, the way things are going. I’m also sad because those who reject the words of this Blessed Book are missing the greatest joy known to man, fellowship with God. They are also missing the real reason and purpose of life. If the words of the time- tested Book are true, those who reject them and the forgiveness they offer are doomed to face God and give an account of their sin before their Creator. God will be their judge, on that day, whereas He will be my Father on that day. This topic is personal for me; it’s not just academic. If someone says that the Bible is a myth and is not true, or that the doctrine of evolution is true, and the Genesis account of creation is false, they are attacking the very foundation of my faith. Jesus said that the creation of Adam and Eve was “the beginning.” (Matt. 19:4) It would be like saying that my Father is a liar. Calling Genesis a myth, or creation a myth is like saying slanderous things about my mom or dad or wife or family. It will be hard for me not to get emotionally involved in this topic. We need to remember Aristole’s dictum. Aristotle said

If a document is being questioned, the benefit of the doubt is given to the document itself, not arrogated by the critic to himself. One must listen to the claims of the document under analysis and not assume fraud or error unless the author disqualifies himself by contradictions or known factual inerrancies.

There are basically two choices in this argument. Choice number one is that the material universe that we see made itself out of nothing for no reason. Then, through a long process of evolution the different animals and man developed as we see them today.

Choice number two is that there is an infinite, all-powerful, all-wise God who created this universe that we see for some special reasons. There are those who try to make a middle ground position called theistic-evolution. This says that God created the matter and helped evolution along at critical points like the origin of life and things like that. That is an indefensible position.

The choices are either the universe made itself or God made it. Both are in the realm of religion. People that believe in evolution want to make you think that what they believe is a scientific fact. Nothing could be farther from the truth. These people are either extremely optimistic or just bold-faced liars. Evolution is not a scientific fact. It actually is not even a good theory. It is just a hypothesis.

Actually, evolution fits into the realm of religion. Webster’s definition of religion says “belief in a divine or super-human power to be obeyed and worshiped as the creator and ruler of the universe.” If this process of evolution created and rules the universe, then that is the super-human power that the evolutionists worship. Many people down through the years have admitted that evolution is just a religion. Some still won’t today because they don’t understand the subject. For instance, Sir Arthur Keith, the British biologist, said “Evolution is unproved and unprovable. We believe it because the only alternative is special creation, and that is unthinkable.’ L. H. Matthews, the man who wrote the preface to the 1971 edition of Charles Darwin’s book, The Orthin of Species, said, “The belief in the theory of evolution was exactly parallel to belief in special creaticin, with evolution merely a satisfactory faith on which to base our interpretation of nature.” It is a faith. Pierre Grasse, a French biologist, said, “Scientists should destroy the myth of evolution.” The British physicist, L. H. Lipsome, said, “In fact, evolution became in a sense, a scientific religion. Almost all scientists have accepted it, and many are prepared to bend their observations to fit in with it.” Evolutionists can rant and rave all they want and say that evolution is a proven fact, when actuality there is not one bit of scientific evidence to back up macro-evolution. By that I mean major changes between kinds of animals.

Micro-evolution is small little changeshere there is no change from one kind of organism to another. Actually, evolution would be a bad term to use. Micro-evolution is only variations within the kind. It proves foresight of the Creator in providing His creatures with the ability to adapt–within limits–to their environment. I don’t question that variation exists, I just interpret the evidence as part of God’s design.

I’ll give you just one example to help you understand the difference. Let’s suppose we let loose five hundred canaries on an island. The only food for the canaries to eat on that island are nuts with a relatively tough shell around them. Only the canaries that had a tough beak would be able to eat the nuts and survive. The others would starve to death. Therefore, those that had the tougher beaks would be able to reproduce the next generation. If we came back to that island in about two hundred years, we would find that all of the canaries on the island have tough beaks. That is not evolution. That is simply variation. You would still have canaries. The trait of having a tough beak was in the genetic structure to begin with. Nothing new has been added. We have only selected a certain portion of the population to survive. That is variation, not evolution. Those canaries will never, given all the time you want, will never change into elephants, or dinosaurs, or trees, or tomatoes. If they did, that would be macro-evolution. Micro-evolution is small little variations between the species that have been in the genetic structure by. It has nothing whatsoever to do with the terms that are used today about evolution.

SLet me quote just a few more things here. In Scientific America, May, 1984, Allen Goode said, “The inflationary model of the universe provides a possible mechanism by which the observable universe could have evolved from an infinitesimal region. It is then tempting to yo one step further and speculate that the entire universe evolved from literally nothing.”

You can “speculate” and say that it’s possible all you want, but that is a religion. That’s your faith. Don’t tell me that is science. You cannot prove that. If you want to believe that, that is fine. This is America. You can believe whatever you want to believe, but don’t tell me that is science, and don’t use my tax dollars to teach other kids in the public schools that that is science. That’s nonsense. If you think that it is really important to teach evolution to the young people, then go start yourself a private school, charge tuition, and teach evolution to those who want to pay to come and learn it. But it is deceitful, wrong, and wicked to use the publios tax money to promote this religion of evolution in our public schools. We’ve got to put a stop to it.

Let me quote just a few more here. David Kits, in “Paleontology and Evolutionary Thought” magazine, said, “Evolution, at least in the sense that Darwin speaks of it, cannot be detected within the life time of a single observer. It cannot be detected. It is not part of science. It is just a religion. Here is a quote from Myer’s book Systematic and Origin of Species, “Darwin never really did discuss the origin of species in his On the Origin of Species”. Collin Patterson, the curator at the British museum of natural history said, “No one has ever produced a species by mechanisms of natural selection. No one has gotten near it.”

The mechanisms for evolution that they try to tell us works so well are mutations and natural selection. No one has ever produced a new species by those means. Evolution is a religion. If evolutionists want to believe it, that is fine. But that is just their faith. I want to believe that God created it and that is my faith, and I readily admit it.

Many say “We can’t mix religion and the public schools.” In the first place, that is a faulty argument. The public schools desperately need some religion. They were started by religious institutions. There is nothing wrong with putting our religion in the public schools. The second argument that many people say is “Well, you can’t mix church and state.” That is not found anywhere in the constitution. That is in Jefferson’s writings, “The Separation of Church and State.” The constitution says that the government can make no law respecting an establishment of a religion or hindering the free exercise thereof. Teaching our young people that we evolved from monkeys in hindering the religion of Christianity. It’s causing them to doubt their faith, and it needs to be eliminated. The first amendment goes against the teaching of evolution. It is a hindrance to religious activity. Evolution is just a religion. We must establish early in the discussion that the creation/evolution question cannot be scientifically resolved because both are religious faiths. They are dogmas. They are what you believe.

People come in to this argument having already decided what they want to believe based on their lifestyle. If a person has a wicked lifestyle and wants to get rid of God some how, then it is only natural that he would choose the evolutionary idea to try to leave God out.

By way of giving just a little more fact that evolution is just a religion, and not scientific, Steven J. Gould, a noted evolutionist, said in “The fossil record with its abrupt transitions, of fers no support for gradual change. All paleontologists know that the fossil record contains precious little in the way of intermediate forms. Transitions between major groups are characteristically abrupt.” (KJV: GET BOOK TITLE)

Evolution is their faith; they believe it because that is what they want to believe. In Newsweek magazine, “Is Man a Subtle Accident?”, (Nov. 3, 1980), “The missing link between man and ape, whose absence has comforted fundamentalists since the days of Darwin, is merely the most glamorous of a whole hierarchy of phantom creatures. The more scientists have searched for the transitional forms that lie between species, the more they have been frustrated.”

There are no transitional forms between species because that is not the way we got here. Gould and Eldridge in Paleobiography (KJV; GET TITLE), said, “At the higher level of evolutionary transition between basic morphological design, gradualism has always been in trouble. Though it remains the official position of most western evolutionists, smooth intermissions between different animals are almost impossible to constructs Even in thought experiments, there is certainly no evidence for them in the fossil record. Curious mosaics like Archaeopteryx do not count.”

In his review of Steven Stanley’s book Macro-evolution D. S. Woodruff, said, “Fossil species remain unchanged throughout most of their history and the record fails to contain a single example of a significant transition.” There aren’t any examples.

Kent Hovind promotes himself as Dr. Kent Hovind or Dr. Dino. Prior to his 58 felony convictions and ten-year prison sentence, Hovind received a Ph.D. from Patriot Bible University, an unaccreditedChristian college. Because of Hovind's use of the title of "Doctor" based on a degree from an unaccredited institution, legitimate scientists have closely examined his bona fides, including the work he submitted to fulfill the requirements for a doctorate.

This has proved difficult, because unlike common academic practice, Patriot does not make its students' dissertations available to the academic community.

On December 9, 2009, WikiLeaks released Hovind's dissertation in Christian Education.[1] Usually, legitimate scholars are thrilled to find that people want to read their dissertations, but legitimate scholars don't get their degrees from diploma mills like Patriot Bible University. Bloggers and forum participants have widely linked to Hovind's dissertation, since it contains a heady mixture of scientific inaccuracy, incoherent writing, frequent spelling errors, shoddy scholarship, and other things which make the skeptical community giggle with glee.

In 2013, Hovind claimed to have four doctorates, in (Christian) Education, Theology, Biblical Ministry, and Divinity (Honorary).[2]:4 This article focuses on the first and makes brief mention of the third. Evidence of the supposed degree in Theology has not as yet been found, nor are any details available on the "honorary" doctorate in Divinity.

Background[edit]

The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D, derived from the Latin philosophiæ doctor, lit. "teacher of philosophy") is the highest degree attainable in science and the arts. Completing a PhD takes an average of 8.2 years in full-time postgraduate research, which culminates in the production of an original contribution to scholarship.[3] Dissertations are the final product of this research and are supervised by a committee of academics in the relevant field, usually consisting of between three to five scholars. Upon completion of a final draft, a defense is held where the public is invited and the candidate defends his or her work in front of the committee, who ask questions and make comments. If approved, the committee signs off on the work at the defense and it is required to be stored in that university's library. Like any other publication in a library, dissertations are available to anyone who wants to read them.

This is not the case for Hovind's dissertation. Firstly, Hovind's dissertation was not publicly available. Hovind claims to have lost his copy of the dissertation,[4] while Patriot Bible University does not make dissertations available. A copy of Hovind's 1991 dissertation was obtained by Skip Evans, who "receive[d] the original document, complete with a taped-in clipping from a magazine."[5] A copy is currently in the possession of the National Center for Science Education and was reviewed by Karen Bartelt.[4] Bartelt's review was the only online analysis of the dissertation before Wikileaks made the copy available. She found Hovind's dissertation makes no useful contribution to scholarship, except perhaps as an example of how not to write one. Hovind's alma mater is not accredited by any U.S. Department of Education–recognised body, and his degrees are not granted any status in the academic or scientific mainstream. Hovind's dissertation is approved by only one person: Dr. Wayne Knight,[4] who later fled from Colorado to Texas after pleading guilty to crimes relating to child molestation at a related business/religious school.[6][7]

Those who have completed a Ph.D are allowed to prefix their name with "Dr". However, many choose not to do so out of modesty or so their expertise in nuclear physics, history, or philosophy doesn't get mistaken when a medical doctor is actually required. Hovind, needless to say, has no such modesty and refers to himself as Dr. Kent Hovind or Dr. Dino. In fact, he even used the prefix in Pensacola, Florida's phone book. This is common among those with doctorates from diploma mills, such as Gillian McKeith Ph.D vs Ben Goldacre. For example, Hovind publicly insisted on the title, saying, "I notice you're calling him ‘Dr’ and me ‘Mr,’ so I'm just making a level playing field here; I have a doctorate's degree also, although it's not from an accredited university, but I don't think that matters."[8]

1991 dissertation[edit]

Misreadings of history, philosophy, science, and damn near everything else[edit]

Hovind attempts to provide a genealogy of evolution that starts with Satan himself (of course) before he was cast out of heaven, then to God striking down the Tower of Babel. He traces this through ancient Greek philosophy, eastern religions, and the Church Fathers. He gets large chunks of this ancient history wrong, and what little bits of truth do sneak in are surrounded by oceans of irrelevance and idiocy.

Socrates, Hovind tells us, didn't write "many" books. Technically true: Socrates didn't write any books, and is infamous for asserting that one shouldn't write books! Hovind describes Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle as being "pantheists," and thus attempts to understand in modern terms a religious system that does not easily match modern expectations and categories. If you want to apply a modern label, polytheism catches the spirit a lot better than pantheism. (There are some ancient philosophers you can describe as holding broadly pantheistic ideas: Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Zeno, and Heraclitus among the Greeks, and Marcus Aurelius and Plotinus among the Romans.)

Hovind fails when he attempts to understand Plato and Socrates, ascribing positions to them that are held by participants in Platonic dialogues, most of which feature Socrates as a character, but only some of the dialogues can be thought of as containing the Socrates of history, while the others have Socrates as a literary tool that Plato can use.

Hovind asserts that Democrates is the founder of Atomism, rather than Democritus.

"Zoroaster" is the name given to the religion (Zoroaster is, in fact, the founder of Zoroastrianism), a blunder similar to writing "Christ" when you mean "Christianity" or "Muhammad" when you mean "Islam." Hovind claims Zoroastrianism was founded around 600 BCE. Most scholars actually state it was much earlier, around 1000 BCE. He completely misunderstands Zoroastrian beliefs, claiming that the essence of it is that "Satan and God are equally powerful." In fact, Zoroastrians believe that Ahura Mazda (the "God" character) will banish Angra Mainyu (the "Satan" character) and bring about the end times, and then a savior figure will come along and raise up the dead. According to Hovind, in Zoroastrianism "a lack of importance [is] placed on God." Apparently, despite being a Middle Eastern monotheistic religion with a number of broadly equivalent traits to Judaism and Christianity, "Zoroasterism" (as Hovind also refers to Zoroastrianism) is actually the bearer of the flame of evolutionism, as it has been carried from the Fall of Man through Satan and then through the works of the Greek philosophers.

Which is fine, except for the fact that if the ancient Greeks, Zoroastrians, and eastern mystics were all budding proto-Darwinists, you might expect some historians and philosophers who study the ancients to have spotted it – and that the work of Darwin and Wallace in the nineteenth century might have been a bit less revolutionary and surprising than it actually was. Ditto with the Comte de Buffon, who supposedly "was very influential in spreading the doctrine of evolution around the world", this after a long paragraph discussing "Voltair".

Hovind claims that Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism, which all are really evolution cults in disguise, made it easy for Communism to take over in China. (How this is possible is not known. Evolution was not initially researched till the 1800s.) On the same note, Communism has spread really well in Iranian Zoroastrian communities and in India, where Hinduism and Buddhism are prevalent. This hypothesis also explains the resistance to Chinese Communism by the Tibetan Buddhist monks really well, and the religious history of Russia and Cuba. In reality, the survival of the fittest found in Capitalist market economics has more to do with natural selection than the Communist ideal of "From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs."

Hovind also claims that "the Islam religion[sic] accepts evolution very readily", conveniently ignoring Islamic creationists like Harun Yahya. He also makes some pretty silly remarks about the Church Fathers which are backed up with the same sort of evidence as everything else in the dissertation – that is, about the same quality and quantity as you get in a Chick tract or the Weekly World News.

Notable quotables[edit]

The following are quotes found in Kent Hovind's thesis.

Quote RationalWiki response
As I was thinking on this subject, I wrote a poem to try to explain this, comparing blind men and atheists.

Two blind men argued well into the night

about the great question, "Is there really sight?"

Said one to the other (and quite fervently)

"There cannot be colors or else we could see!"

[edit: snip 48 lines]

To deny His existence is really absurd.

You’ll have to believe Him and trust in His Word.

In keeping with the age-old (but apparently forgotten) academic tradition of including 50+ lines of doggerel in each and every dissertation, Kent has conjured up this gem. Someone notify MIT that they'll start gaining credibility if they include more poetry in their papers.
Satan, in the form of the serpent, brought the doctrine of evolution to the Garden of Eden Amazing that Adam would latch onto a complete theory of evolution and pass it down to the next thousands of generations.
The Bible has never been proven wrong yet, and I believe it never will be Like any good academic work, Kent's deals in unprovable absolutes.
For instance, Communism is a direct offshoot of evolution The final sentence in a paragraph speaking of the Biblical creation account, Hovind includes this assertion with no citation or analysis.
Bring back a Mars rock or a Jupiter rock, I'll eat it or lick it. Life doesn't evolve. Comment is superfluous. Also non sequitur. And do you really want to dig through all the metallic hydrogen for the rocky core?[Note 1]
The faulty teaching of evolution is hindering scientific progress. He actually got this one right, in an unintentional stopped-clock moment, since evolution is often taught rather poorly, hindering the public's understanding of it and encouraging resistance to the idea.

Metrics[edit]

Using the text from the OCR version of "Dr." Hovind's dissertation, Google Docs gives the following metrics:
(Note: These metrics are derived from the text starting with "INTRODUCTION" and continuing until the sentence "I believe Jesus was right.")

Word Count

  • Word: 25,546
  • Paragraphs: 401
  • Sentences: 1,951

Readability

  • Average sentences per paragraph: 4.87
  • Average words per sentence: 13.09
  • Flesch Reading Ease: 69.44
  • Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level: 7.00
  • Automated Readability Index: 7.00

According to the Wikipedia page on Flesch Reading Ease, a Flesch Reading Ease score of 69.44 would correspond to being "easily understandable to 13- to 15-year-old students."[9] The lower the index, the harder the piece is to read. The Wikipedia page states that the average 11-year-old student's written assignment has a "Reading Ease" of 60–70, which would indicate that the writing style of Kent's supposed PhD-level paper is on par with that of a pre-pubescent student.

Similarly, the "Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level" indicates the approximate number of years of education needed to understand a piece of writing. According to these metrics, a student in the 7th grade should be able to fully understand Kent's "doctoral research". Interestingly, the Wikipedia page on the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level has a higher calculated grade-level than Kent's Doctoral Dissertation, at 12.5.

The Automated Readability Index is another way of calculating the approximate grade required for a student to fully understand a piece of written work. Once again, the average 7th-grade student (approximately 12–13 years old) should be able to fully comprehend Kent's new research.

None of these metrics are damning in and of themselves; all else being equal, being able to express one's ideas in simple and accessible language is a good thing. However, there is a difference between expressing complex ideas in simple language and merely having simplistic ideas. Taken in the context of the thesis's other flaws, it becomes clear that complexity of thought was never among Hovind's issues.

2013 dissertation[edit]

While Hovind was in federal prison, he wrote another dissertation for a Doctor of Ministry degree from Patriot.[2]:4 According to Hovind:

In this unusual book I will try to give the reader THE BIG PICTURE of the history of the world and explain what is about to happen, based on The Book that has given thousands of predictions and prophecies and has never been wrong even one time yet!

Unlike his first dissertation, this one was written without chapters (it does have seven appendices). In 2013, it was published as an ebook titled What on Earth is about to happen.. for Heaven's sake?: A Dissertation on End Times According to the Bible and it argues that Jesus will appear on Earth in 2028.[10][2]:239

Hovind appears to have copied some sort of standard format for the front matter of his 'dissertation': at the bottom of the title page, a feather-like logo with the text "Publisher logo" can be found. Presumably, this is a placeholder for a real publisher logo – but Kent completely forgot about this. The verso of the title page (which normally contains the publishing data, such as ISBN, catalogue data, and the publisher's address) has a similar flaw, showing the text

Copyright © 2013 Kent Hovind All Rights Reserved

[Publishing Information Here]
Manufactured in the United States of America
ISBN 978-0-xxxxx-xxx-x (paper)
ISBN 978-0- xxxxx-xxx-x (e-book)
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Hovind Kent. What On Earth Is About To Happen For Heavens Sake;
p. cm.
ISBN 978-0-xxxxx-xxx-x (paper)

ISBN 978-0- xxxxx-xxx-x (e-book).

In real books and dissertations, the "xxxxx-xxx-x" sequence is replaced by a proper ISBN number. Also note that "Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data" normally also contains a few keywords about the book (in this case, "Christianity" and "Eschatology" would be the most likely, though "complete BS" would also not be wrong).

Hovind claims to have spent four years on this 'dissertation', but looked at this page and failed to see that something was missing. He even managed to misspell the dissertation's title: "For Heavens Sake" instead of "For Heaven's Sake".

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ↑Assuming anything with "rocks" is what he was looking for. See the Wikipedia article on Jupiter.

References[edit]

  1. ↑Kent Hovind's doctoral dissertation on WikiLeaks
  2. 2.02.12.2Hovind, K.E. (2013). What On Earth Is About To Happen... For Heaven's Sake?: A Dissertation on End Times According to the Bible.
  3. ↑O'Shaughnessy, L. (10 July 2012). 10 reasons not to get a PhD. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  4. 4.04.14.2Bartelt, K. (2000). The Dissertation Kent Hovind Doesn't Want You to Read. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  5. ↑National Center for Science Education (2 August 2012). Skip Evans dies Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  6. ↑"The former church leader and superintendent of Hilltop Baptist Church in Colorado Springs entered a guilty plea in exchange for several charges being dropped by prosecutors." from Arrested Pastor Takes Plea Deal In Child Abuse Case, 7News, Feb 28, 2012
  7. Teacher Pleads Guilty To Sex Assault Charges, KKTV, Jan 31, 2013
  8. ↑Inside the Mind of a Creationist: A Critical Analysis of Kent Hovind's “Doctoral Dissertation”
  9. ↑See Flesch-Kincaid Readability Test at Wikipedia
  10. ↑"When is The Lord Coming Back?," and claims: "During the feast of Trumpets in 2028."
The Patriot University campus, a mobile home, where Mr. Kent Hovind "earned" his "Ph.D"

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